Q 1:1 What are the significant federal laws affecting the employment relationship?

The federal government has passed many laws that affect the workplace. Each has its own requirements, provisions for applicability, penalties, and enforcement guidelines. Following are some significant federal laws that affect the workplace:
• The Fair Labor Standards Act
• The Davis-Bacon Act
• The Service Contract Act
• The Walsh-Healey Act
• The Employee Retirement Income Security Act
• The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985
• The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
• The Mental Health Parity Act of 1996, as amended by the Wellstone-Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Act of 2008
• The Family and Medical Leave Act
• Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
• The Equal Pay Act
• Executive Order 11246
• The Age Discrimination in Employment Act
• The Americans with Disabilities Act
• The Occupational Safety and Health Act
• The Drug-Free Workplace Act
• The National Labor Relations Act
• The Employee Polygraph Protection Act
• The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
• The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act
• The Whistleblower Protection Act
• Executive Order 13145
• Executive Order 11478
• The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act
• The Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act of 2008
• The Sarbanes-Oxley Act
• The ADA Amendments Act of 2008
• The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010
• The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010


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This text originally appeared in Employment Law Answer Book, Ninth Edition (Wolters Kluwer, 2016). Reprinted with permission.